Rural Water Supply Nusa Tenggara

Detailed description of project:

The programme was embedded in a regional devel­opment programme in Nusa Tenggara with additional projects focusing on poverty alleviation, hygiene and health, decentralisation and good governance. Construction of water supply and sanitation facilities was ensured by KfW, while the GTZ component enabled community members to become the main actors in managing water supply in their villages in a sustainable manner. Through training measures and information campaigns they were qualified to manage water supply systems both technically and financially and run them independently.

By the project’s end more than hundred water user groups including management units have been founded in a legally binding form at village or multi-village level. 116 water supply systems and some 1,000 sanitation facilities for around 70,000 people in 47 villages were planned and built through community participation. Communities are now able to finance the running costs independently. Average daily water supply has increased to 60 litres per day and person.

A special focus was placed on management of multi-village water supply schemes. Beside this, community members were informed about and trained in improved sanitation practices and resource conservation. The project also prepared district authorities for their role in the management of water supply facilities and resource conservation (more than 15,000 trees were planted). Water user groups regularly discuss issues of resource conservation during their meetings and are already implementing resolutions on water conservation. District governments have adopted the project approach and are implementing rural water supply using the community-based approach.

Type of services provided:

  • Establishment of socio-economic baseline data through a KAP survey: “Knowledge Attitudes and Practices in water use, health and hygiene with emphasis on women” (2004 and 2008);
  • Establishment and empowerment of water user associations, some on multi-village-level;
  • Participatory planning and decision making for the construction of water supply schemes (about 50 piped systems and 100 shallow wells);
  • Training in operation and maintenance of the water supply schemes;
  • Introduction of water saving measures;
  • Hygiene awareness campaigns;
  • Planning and construction of more than 1,000 pilot sanitary schemes;
  • Introduction of Small Decentralized Wastewater Treatment Systems (DEWATS) as pilot schemes in selected communities. Biogas generated from these DEWATS systems were used for community development measures (e.g. as energy for kitchen stoves);
  • Training of reforestation as resource protection;
  • Strengthening of district administrations to support and supervise local water supply schemes;
  • Multi-temporal monitoring of behavioural (health) change of water users and the impacts of improved water supply.
07/2002 - 03/2011
Contract value: 2,760,000 €