Feasibility Study: Part A: Preparation of a Biodiversity Conservation Component within the Indonesian-German Forest (REDD+) Programme, Part B: Debt-for Nature Swap (VI)

Detailed description of project:

The feasibility study includes the following components:

Part A: Biodiversity Component within REDD+

Strengthening the national strategy on REDD+ in the fields of the conservation of biodiversity and improving protected area management in order to reduce natural forest degradation and to complement governmental efforts to restore forests in protected areas.


  • Scoping mission: Identification of priority areas/demonstration sites (focus Kalimantan, Sumatra, Sulawesi) including the possibility of integrating corridors, for Indonesian-German FC to support biodiversity;
  • The preparation of a possible Biodiversity Conservation Component within the German-Indonesian Forest (REDD+) Programme II.


Part B: Debt -for Nature Swap

The conservation of three flagship animal species (tiger, elephant and rhino) in Central and South Sumatra, as well as West Java, through habitat conservation and poverty alleviation.


Support for the preparation of a detailed proposal for the envisaged Debt-for-Nature-Swap (“DNS VI”) within the Indonesian-German-Cooperation to be based on an evaluation of the currently implemented Debt-for-Nature-Swap (“DNS III”) including an on-ground assessment and a compilation of lessons learnt.


Selected Pilot areas were:

  • Kerinci Seblat National Park and Merangin watershed in Jambi Province, Sumatra;
  • Gunung Palung National Park and surrounding special use zone and buffer zones in West Kalimantan;
  • Gorontalo, Sulawesi (as amendment).

Type of services provided:

1. Phase: Sector and problem analysis

  • to analyse the policy and legislative context, and identify FC priority areas (esp. Kalimantan and Sumatra);
  • to describe biodiversity threats, bottlenecks, underlying causes of problems, weaknesses.

Evaluation of DNS III and Definition of Key Features of Future Projects

  • to review implementation of DNS III and describe lessons learnt
    • to define objective and justification of the project, incl. threats, rationale of intervention;
    • to facilitate selection of pilot areas, to outline main areas of project interventions;
    • to outline a project organisation structure for ensuring synergies with REDD+ and DNS III (and VI).

2. Phase

  • Define project goal and rational (FC-volume of 8-10 MIO EUR);
  • Develop a catalogue of possible project measures/activities (SWOT analysis);
  • Regarding the Core Zone of the protected area and the rehabilitation of sites, examine and describe:
    • Legislative framework, situation of law enforcement, scope and content of NP management plan;
    • Stakeholder and biodiversity analysis, protection threats and needs: Encroachment, illegal poaching and trade;
    • Infrastructure, staffing: quantity, quality, motivation, capacity, (inter)national research activities;
    • Causes for land degradation and extent of area, potentials for natural rehabilitation, needs for man made interventions, incl. design, organisation and staff needs, P&M, costs-benefits, impact monitoring.
  • Regarding to the community participation and bufferzone management, examine and describe (using FPIC):
    • Current bufferzone definition, farm systems, socio-economic situation, land rights, public awareness.
  • Assess capacity of institutions and suggest institutional arrangements;
  • Link project measures and concept to national policy and regional strategies;
  • Describe and effective M&E for forest cover/carbon accounting;
  • Elaborate a financial and economic analysis, assess possibilities for Payment for Environmental Services (PES);
  • Elaborate a logframe matrix, impact, sustainability and risk analysis;
  • Elaborate a proposal of the required consultancy services during the implementation phase;
  • Coordinate with Technical Cooperation Modules (GIZ) and assess links to relevant donor’s engagements.
Ministry of Forestry, Department of Forest Protection and Nature Conservation
BMZ through KfW
11/2011 - 02/2013
Contract value:
326,142 €