Feasibility Study for the Proposed Project: Conserving the Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park (BBSNP) as a UN World Heritage in Sumatra

Detailed description of project:

The Sumatran rhino currently is likely the most threatened of the three Asian rhino species, with possibly only around 100 individuals surviving in three separate populations on Sumatra.

This feasibility study aimed to develop and establish an Intensive Management Zone (IMZ) inside the Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park (BBSNP) and to anchor its administration and management within the existing structures of the Park. It is proposed to establish the IMZ within a larger Intensive Protection Zone (IPZ), where particular efforts are made to halt and reverse pressure on the Park’s ecosystem. Establishing this IMZ shall contribute to achieving population growth in Sumatran rhinos within the Park and long-term persistence of this critically endangered and highly charismatic species in the area. In turn, Sumatran rhinos can act as “key ambassador species” to ensure protection of the biodiverse forests in the BBSNP from further encroachment, deforestation and degradation.

Objectives of the study were to:

  • Identify institutional mandates and capacities, consult stakeholders on proposed institutional arrangements for IMZ management, and identify potential measures to secure long-term political support and mandate for the IMZ/IPZ construct;
  • Outline positive effects for rhino presence on general protection of the BBSNP, both with regard to past external funding (e.g. anti-encroachment effect of the Rhino Protection Unit funded via the International Rhino Foundation) and as an attractor for future external funding.

Type of services provided:

  • Develop a strategy that integrates conditions and requirements for an effectively protected IMZ, mitigation of pressures in the IPZ and stakeholder engagement;
  • Develop a concept and strategy for management of the IPZ, within the context of the National Park and integrating the strategy for IMZ management;
  • Ensure that the project design takes into account the wider stakeholder landscape;
  • Undertake stakeholder analysis and summary of institutional mandates and capacity, with proposed institutional arrangements for the International Climate Initiative (IKI);
  • Recommendations on actions to build wider political support for the changes targeted by the proposed project;
  • Analyse past and potential future contributions from rhino conservation efforts to the management of the BBSNP.
World Conservation Society
BMZ through KfW / BMUB-IKI
04 – 05/2015
Contract value:
145,000 €