Debt-for-Nature Swap – Sumatra / Java Analysis of Debt-for-Nature Swap / DNS III and Proposal for Debt-for Nature Swap / DNS VI

Detailed description of project:

Analysis of the ongoing Debt-for-Nature-Swap / DNS III (2007 – 2012) and proposal for a new Debt-for-Nature-Swap / DNS VI (2013 – 2018). The study was part of a larger study also preparing other Indonesian-German initiatives in biodiversity conservation in Sumatra, Kalimantan and Sulawesi.

DNS III was an emergency action program for the Tropical Forest Sumatra World Heritage of UNESCO for the protection of flagship species. It was financed through Indonesian-German-Debt-Swap funding.

DNS VI is the new proposed Indonesian-German Debt-Swap for the conservation of Rhino, Tiger and Elephant in Sumatra and Banten.

The study was carried out in the framework of a Feasibility Study for the preparation of a biodiversity component for Forest Programme II.

Type of services provided:

The feasibility study includes the following main elements:

  • Review of implementation of measures in the value of approx. EUR 5.5 million;
  • Analysis of impacts of DNS III funding on three national parks in Sumatra (Gunung Leuser NP, Kerinci Seblat NP and Bukit Barisan Selatan NP);
  • Preparation of a proposal for the anticipated DNS VI;
  • Development of an improved financing mechanism for the DNS VI which would accommodate the requirements of NGO involvement, transparency, additionality, government control over the fund and an uncomplicated debt cancellation mechanism;
  • Proposal of an offshore Trust Fund for Rhino, Tiger and Elephant conservation, and development of main organisational and financial framework for the Trust Fund; 
  • Elaboration of logical framework for conservation measures including: a) biodiversity inventories and biodiversity monitoring; b) habitat management; c) capacity building of conservation area staff; d) community development in buffer zones of protected areas;
  • Breakdown of budget estimates (EUR 20 Mio.) for six years of implementation;
  • Selection of focal areas for flagship species conservation measures namely: Ujung Kulon NP, Way Kambas NP, Bukit Barisan Selatan NP.


Ministry of Forestry, Department of Forest Protection and Nature Conservation
BMZ through KfW
02/2012 - 11/2012
Contract value:
110,000 €