In 2009, the Moroccan Government adopted the National Water Strategy for the water sector in order to address current and future challenges. The strategy is based on three pillars: (1) satisfying the water demand in a sustainable and protective manner; (2) creating a favourable environment for long-term water resources management; (3) achieving a changed water use behaviour amongst the various users involved. In the Haouz-Mejjate basin, increasing water demand is stressing the already overused groundwater resources (currently with a chronic hydrological deficit of 105 Mm3/year). Persistent periods of drought and changing precipitation patterns resulting from climate change further aggravate the current situation.
In the framework of a national initiative to implement water management agreements (“contrats de nappes”), and with the aim of enhancing integrated water resources management (IWRM), a convention for IWRM in the Haouz-Mejjate basin will be developed. This convention will be developed with, and agreed upon by, all stakeholders involved at basin level (decision-makers, planners, managers and water users).
- Comprehensive diagnostic of the current status of water resources in the basin;
- Establishment of a steering and monitoring committee;
- Development of a GIS and a geo-referenced IWRM database;
- Design of an IWRM atlas (communication tool, awareness raising);
- Simulation of IWRM development scenarios;
- Assessment and identification of first improvements for the whole Haouz-Mejjate basin and its sub-basins;
- Study to define an optimal water resources management;
- Preparation of a provisional IWRM agreement by the monitoring committee, to be approved by the steering committee;
- Preparation of a communication strategy and material for different target groups;
- Preparation of an information and awareness campaign on IWRM;
- In-depth analysis to verify and approve the identified measures;
- Elaboration of a draft IWRM agreement for the Haouz-Mejjate basin including action plan;
- Development of an information website on the IWRM agreement.
|German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)|
|09/2014 – 12/2016|