Feasibility Study for Strengthening Resilience of Pastoral and Agro-pastoral Livelihoods in Arid and Semi-Arid Lands

Detailed description of project:

The Government of Ethiopia is running the programme “Strengthening Resilience of Pastoral and Agro-pastoral Livelihoods in Arid and Semi-Arid Lands” mainly in the Afar National State Region along the lower Awash River and including the Danakil Desert. The majority of the population here lives from animal herding – mainly small ruminants (sheep and goats) and camels – along well-known pathways. However, the traditional rangeland has been seriously degraded as a result of climate change impacts.

In the framework of a feasibility study AHT assessed options for appropriate interventions to be funded by the German Financial Cooperation (via the German Energy and Climate Fund), e.g. investments into small-scale irriga­tion schemes for fodder production, installation of small industries for the production of supplementary fodder, and needs for accompanying measures to sustainably use such investments.

The study was carried out in the Afar National Regional State, concentrating on Zone 1 and Zone 4.

Type of services provided:

  • National stakeholder analysis (including Ethiopian stakeholders of regional programmes in the Horn of Africa);
  • Participatory field investigations related to water resource assessment and irrigation potential, analysis of socio-economic conditions of target groups;
  • Pastoral livestock management appraisal;
  • Agro-economic analysis;
  • Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA)/Environmental and Social Impact Assessment (ESIA) and recommendation of mitigation measures;
  • Engineering and costing of water harvesting and irrigation;
  • Data analysis and scenario evaluation with regard to the feasibility of KfW/Government of Ethiopia (GoE) investment programmes, including institutional design, necessary management support and training requirements.


Ministry of Agriculture
BMZ through KfW
10/2013 – 12/2013
Contract value:
157,040 €