Participatory Erosion Control Program (PLAE) V, 1st part

Forest degradation and even deforestation, mainly due to the overexploitation of wood, especially as a source of energy, as well as unsustainable land management are two major challenges, both for the ecology and the economy of Madagascar. These are first and foremost slash-and-burn agriculture and animal husbandry, which leads to intensive bushfires every year, covering a large part of the island. They cause extraordinary erosion and thus the loss of arable land. These fires threaten natural resources, including the country's last remaining protected areas, which are conservatories for Madagascar's endemic fauna and flora. The denudation of watersheds causes the sedimentation of agricultural land, rice paddies and their irrigation infrastructure and thus an alarming reduction in their productivity. The loss of productive land and forests is currently advancing faster than land restoration. In addition, the non-regulation of land rights conditions worsens the situation.

In this context, KfW has been financing the Participatory Erosion Control Program (PLAE) since 1998, which aims at the protection and sustainable management of natural resources in Madagascar. In view of the results and experiences of the PLAE achieved from 1998 to 2019 (PLAE I to IV), the PLAE will continue from 2019 to 2023 as part of the AFR100 / Landscape and Forest Restoration (FLR) initiative.


Overall objective of the German-Malagasy Cooperation Program:

The protection and sustainable, climate-resilient use of natural resources is expanding.


Specific objective of PLAE V:

In the intervention areas, sustainable soil management contributes to the AFR100 / Forest and Landscape Restoration (FLR) initiative and to the sustainable production of wood (especially energy wood).


The intended impacts of the project are to contribute in a sustainable way:

  • To the reduction of pressure on natural forests (deforestation/forest degradation; threat to protected areas).
  • To the improvement, directly or indirectly, of the economic situation of the beneficiaries: farmers, stockbreeders, and municipalities.
  • To protection and adaptation, directly or indirectly, of the effects of climate change.

Type of services provided:

AHT is under the responsibility of the Ministry to the Presidency in charge of Agriculture and Livestock (MAEP) to whom AHT provides support for the implementation of phase V of the PLAE in the regions of DIANA, Boeny and, in part, Betsiboka. Increasingly, the Ministry to the Presidency in charge of Environment and Sustainable Development (MEDD) is integrated into the programme's activities. The main services are:

  • Technical and financial management of the entire program, including a major development fund on behalf of the MPAE;
  • Establishment of communal forests on degraded land (7,000 ha of reforestation and protection; pilot approach);
  • Afforestation on degraded land (3,500 ha Individual Village based reforestation-RVI, private approach), support for the energy wood sector and the "biomass energy" value chain;
  • Agroforestry and agroecological measures (6,500 ha) and anti-erosion measures (800 ha) on degraded or degrading land;
  • Measures for sedentary and sustainable grazing (3,500 ha) on degraded land without use of fire;
  • Land tenure security for sustainably developed land and support for territorial planning to promote rural development and biodiversity protection (Development Plans);
  • Support to village associations and groups (more than a third of which are women) in planning, managing and monitoring land restoration;
  • Investments in communal infrastructure, especially for land tenure security, and erosion control measures; Spreading of the experiences gained during exchange visits.
Ministry to the Presidency in charge of Agriculture and Livestock (MPAE)
BMZ through KfW
10/2019 – 06/2021
Contract value: 1,085,475 €