Emergency Horticulture and Livestock Project (HLP): Horticulture Production Component

The World Bank funded Emergence Horticulture and Livestock Project was designed to improve the production capacity of the horticultural and livestock sectors and to improve the market channels for Afghan products, leading to increases in aggregate export volumes. The project had a positive impact on broad-based economic growth in the rural areas.

Anticipating climate change impacts from erratic rainfalls and drought periods, the contribution of IAK-AHT to the horticulture sector - mainly by nursery establishments for fruit, timber and fodder tree multiplication - assisted the Afghanistan National Development Strategy (ANDS) for adaptation to and mitigation of climate change. Beside the raised direct incomes from improved on-farm activities, increased demand for rural non-farm services such as production of hand-tools, increased carpentry, and processing of fruits and nuts, as well as for marketing activities for export was generated by the project activities.

Assistance to the restructuring of the MAIL contributed to developing the basis for strong policy, regulatory and support organisations for the agricultural sector. Specifically IAK-AHT achieved the following results:

  • Best orchard management practices and adapted fruit crop production program designed;
  • Rehabilitation of 12,000 ha of orchards achieved, through IPM and management extension work;
  • Perennial tree crop nurseries supported and capable of producing high quality seedlings, with estimated market value of 5 million US $;
  • A system for establishing state-of-the-art orchards and vineyards operating on 5,000 ha;
  • The quality and productivity of grape and pomegranate production is improved;
  • Improved export earnings from grapes and pomegranates are achieved;
  • The National Union of Horticulture Development Associations (NUHDA) is established and providing services to associations of growers, traders and processors;
  • Provision of research, training and information, and improved linkages and exchange between horticultural growers, traders and processors;
  • Improved intelligence of market opportunities through an efficient system of information collection and dissemination;
  • Mechanism operating effectively for disbursing grants to support orchard establishment, and for pilot operation in post-harvest handling of grapes under HLP;
  • Measureable improvements in horticultural product quality and supply reliability, and reduced imports of horticultural products over time.

Type of services provided:

Overall project management and implementation as well as planning and organisation of a comprehensive training programme; specific activities were:

  • Definition of orchard/vineyard systems, and fruit crop production programmes;
  • Support of farmers in rehabilitating existing orchards/vineyards through training and extension in modern technologies and efficient management;
  • Selection of the best, pathogen-free, indigenous fruit and nut varieties for nursery production;
  • Introduction of efficient irrigation systems for drought resilient production;
  • Support for the development of commercial tree nurseries to supply seedlings to project beneficiaries; and
  • Assistance to farmers in establishing new orchards/vineyards through matching grants;
  • Training of public servants within the MAIL for improved services to the horticulture sector;
  • Organisation of and participation in national workshops on experiences with adaptation methodologies.
Ministry of Agriculture, Irrigation and Livestock (MAIL)
World Bank
11/2007 – 06/2010
Contract value: 3,100,000 €